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Large and giant dog breeds, while majestic and powerful, are often prone to a range of joint and muscular issues that can significantly impact their quality of life. Understanding these common health challenges is crucial for pet owners to ensure their furry companions remain active, comfortable, and happy. In this blog, we will explore some of the most prevalent joint and muscular problems in large and giant breeds, along with practical tips for managing and preventing these conditions. Whether you’re a seasoned dog owner or new to caring for these gentle giants, this guide will provide valuable insights to help keep your beloved pet in top shape.


What are Some Common Joint and Muscular Issues in Large and Giant Breeds?

Arthritis is a common issue in older large breeds due to wear and tear on the joints. Symptoms include stiffness, limping, difficulty rising, and reduced activity levels.

Bicipital Tenosynovitis this condition involves inflammation of the biceps tendon and its sheath, leading to shoulder pain. The symptoms include lameness, pain when the shoulder is extended or flexed, and reluctance to bear weight on the affected leg.

Cranial Cruciate Ligament (CCL) is a crucial ligament in the knee that can tear, leading to instability and arthritis. The symptoms include sudden lameness, difficulty bearing weight on the affected leg, and swelling around the knee.

Degenerative Myelopathy is a progressive neurological disease affecting the spinal cord, leading to hind limb weakness and paralysis. Symptoms include gradual loss of coordination and strength in the hind limbs, leading to paralysis.

Elbow Dysplasia involves abnormal development of the elbow joint, leading to arthritis and lameness. The symptoms include limping, decreased range of motion, and pain when the elbow is touched.

Hip Dysplasia is a genetic condition where the hip joint fails to develop properly, leading to arthritis. The symptoms include difficulty rising, reluctance to jump or climb stairs, and a swaying gait.

Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy (HOD) is an inflammatory condition affecting the growth plates of the long bones in young, rapidly growing large breeds. The symptoms include swollen, painful joints, fever, and reluctance to move.

Luxating Patella, while more common in smaller breeds, large breeds can also suffer from a luxating patella, where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position. The symptoms include skipping or hopping gait, occasional lameness, and pain.

Myositis is an inflammation of the muscles, which can be caused by infections, immune-mediated diseases, or trauma. Symptoms include muscle pain, swelling, weakness, and difficulty moving.

Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD) is a condition where the cartilage in the joints fails to develop properly, causing pain and inflammation. The symptoms include lameness, swelling, and joint pain, particularly in the shoulders, elbows, and knees.

Panosteitis is often referred to as “growing pains,” panosteitis is an inflammation of the long bones in the legs, primarily affecting young, growing large breeds. The symptoms include intermittent lameness, pain, and shifting leg lameness (pain may move from one leg to another)

Spondylosis involves the formation of bony spurs along the vertebrae, often associated with aging and degeneration of the spine. The symptoms include stiffness, reduced flexibility, and back pain.

Wobbler Syndrome (Cervical Spondylomyelopathy) involves compression of the spinal cord in the neck region, leading to neurological and gait abnormalities. Symptoms include an unsteady or “wobbly” gait, neck pain, and weakness in the front and/or hind limbs.

Preventative Measures and Management Tips

Maintain a Healthy Weight: Excess weight puts additional stress on your dog’s joints, exacerbating existing conditions and contributing to new issues. Ensure your dog maintains a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise.

Provide Joint Supplements: Supplements such as glucosamine, chondroitin, and omega-3 fatty acids can help support joint health and reduce inflammation. Grizzly Pet Products has a set of awesome fish oil products for joint upkeep!

Regular Exercise: Consistent, low-impact exercise is essential for maintaining muscle strength and joint flexibility. Activities like swimming, walking, and controlled play can help keep your dog’s joints healthy without causing additional stress.

Comfortable Living Environment: Ensure your dog has a comfortable place to rest, with supportive bedding to reduce pressure on their joints. Avoid slippery surfaces to prevent falls and injuries. Some owners use dog socks to help with grip on slippery floors!

Photo by @woofxdx

Treatment Options

Medication: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help manage pain and inflammation associated with joint and muscular issues. Always use medications under the guidance of your veterinarian. However it is not recommended to keep pets on them long-term as they can have adverse side-effects. This is where our CBD might come into play as a natural option for pain reduction.

Physical Therapy: Physical therapy can improve mobility and reduce pain through exercises, massage, and other techniques. Hydrotherapy, in particular, is beneficial for large breeds as it provides low-impact exercise.

Alternative Therapies: Acupuncture, laser therapy, and chiropractic care are alternative treatments that can complement traditional approaches and provide relief for some dogs.

Surgery: And lastly, in severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to correct joint abnormalities or repair injuries. Common surgeries include hip replacement, CCL repair, and arthroscopy.


Understanding and managing joint and muscular issues in large and giant dog breeds is essential for ensuring their quality of life. By maintaining a healthy weight, providing joint supplements, ensuring regular exercise, and keeping up with veterinary check-ups, you can help your dog stay active and pain-free. Remember, early intervention and consistent care are key to managing these conditions effectively, allowing your furry friend to enjoy a happy and healthy life.

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